As if it were
now, I remember the evening in 1928 when I was walking in the square,
and Dawid Rozal approached me and greeted me by saying that, in shtetl,
there was going to be established a department of the youth organization
"Freiheit" by Poeli‑Zionists. The idea pleased me because I had
earlier spoken with a close personal friend about the importance of such
Łosice, there existed only one Zionist location‑ the Culture Club, for
all Zionists, with a large library, under the leader of Godl Rozenband.
At this location, a year earlier in 1927, Hashomer Hatzair was
established, which was widely supported by the Zionist youth in Łosice.
We, however, agreed that it was a Zionist‑Socialist organization of the
working youth who were drawn by the spirit of Borochovizm.
Part of "Frieheit" Committee
The 14th of May
1928, we remained at the Culture Club to prepare for a meeting on
the 25th of May which establish the
organization. We sent out 70 invitations to the youth, with 64
coming to the meeting. The meeting was led by Dawid Rozal who
called for a vote about the program, principles and orders of the
Socialistic Workers' movement, built upon the principles of Ber
Borochov. He spoke about the parties' work, Poeli‑ and Tseiri‑
Zion and about our activity in Łosice. All 64 onlookers
signed declarations about getting involved in the youth
The first vote
included Dawid Rozal, Gdalyahu Woda, Frajda Wolker and Yospe
Wajman. The vote obeyed all the rules of the constitution.
Chairman ‑ Dawid Rozal, Press and Culture ‑ Gdalyahu Woda,
Secretery ‑ Berl Binsztok.
we made ourselves available to the Central Committee in Warsaw,
which gave us instructions on how to conduct our movement.
From right, seated: Frajdka Wolker and Dawid Rozal.
Standing: Berl Binsztok and Gdaliahu Woda.
They often visited us with members: Leb Szpicman, and
Bialopolski, and friends from Raion ‑ Committee in Siedlce where
Iekutiel Zilberberg and Icchak Miendzerzecki helped us with our work. We
organized lectures about Borochovism, talks about politics, economics,
arranged trips. The one who helped us with
lectures was Godl Rozenband.
activity steadily broadened and our membership continued to grow.
Because of this fact, space soon became limited at our current cultural
location. Quarrels occurred with our friends in "Hashomer Hatzair", who
claimed that because of us their work was disrupted. However they did
not want to cooperate in order to implement a plan, when we, or when
they should take the second room at our location. In the end scandals
occurred Between the two groups.
From right to left, first row:
Mosze Lewin, Goldband Chaja, Binsztok Herszel.
Second row: Czemni Jakob, Rozen Itka,
Woda Gdalyahu, Cukierman Hinda, Wisnia Pinie.
Third row: Rozal Dawid, Englender Chawa, Elzon Icchak.
on a Sabbath, when the members of "Hashomer Hatzair" were away on
an outing, we had a discussion, in the second room, with Dawid
Grinfarb from Siedlce. In the middle of the discussion the members
returned from their outing. They pushed their way into the room
and interrupted the discussion,
The second time was when we had
organized a true dedication to Ber Borochov's Yahrzeit. On this
occasion "Hashomer Hatzair" and the Zionists opposed us; who were
afraid of the red drapes with which we had covered the windows....
We were disrupted during the evening.
had come to the conclusion that we could no longer continue our
work at the present location. We then collected enough money from
our friends, and we were able to afford to move to our new
location at Szczerbickin on the Szwajnerower Street. This happened
in 1928. At our new location our activities broadened.
formed a drama group, which gave performances such as: the
"Yeshiva Boy", "The Stranger", "The Ukrainian Sacrifice", "The
Polish Wedding", and others.
Among our amateur actors there was: Herszel Binsztok, Szymon Mandelboim, Szyfra Borowski, Szprinca
Herc, Gdalya Woda, Belcia Rozencwajg-Kawer,
Berl Binsztok. This was in 1934. Also registered with the
drama group, were our friends from Wegrow ‑ Blachman and Feingold,
who often came to Łosice.
photo: "Freiheit" organization in Łosice, 1934
Aug. 1929 a membership conference was held in Miedzyrzec about the Youth
Freiheit. Among the delegates were Leb Szpicman and Ritow. In the middle
of the discussions a question was posed about the Arab Uprising. Our
entire youth, as well as other members of the Łosicer organization were
mobilized to help the Jewish fighters protect the Jewish settlement.
photo, left: "Freiheit" organization in Łosice,
photo, above: "Freiheit" organization in Łosice, 1934
Łosice friends with their ideals readied themselves to defend Eretz
Israel. The first to go was Chaja Goldband, then Zelda Izak, and Dawid
Rozal. Later, our member Matityahu Maier Mandelboim went to Kibbutz
Ramat‑Hakovesh and died at his post defending our homeland against the
Memory of a Jewish Community, Exterminated by Nazi Murderers," M. Shner,
Tel Aviv, 1963. Article: '"Yugen Freiheit' in
Berl Binsztok (Jaffa), pp. 99-104. Translations by Viktor Lewin.