the same time he worked as a
manager of the Yiddish under-section of the
historical-theoretical section of the All-Ukrainian
theatre committee (1919), and as the main regisseur of
the first Jewish state theatre (Kiev) in 1920-21.
1921-22 -- studied in the
four-course "Melukhishn hekhstn rezhisorishn varshtat
(State high regisseur workshop)" (Moscow), under the
leadership of V. Meyerhold, and at the same time also in
the studio "Kultur-lige (Culture League)" in class,
under the leadership of Y. B. Vakhtangov, also took
special courses with the prominent Moscow theatre
1924 -- main regisseur for
Bake (Baku?)'s worker's theatre, where he directed in Russian
"Di untertsinder" by Lunatsharsky, "The Marriage of
Figaro", "Year 1881", "Maria Teodor" by Victor Hugo,
"Der yom tov fun heylikhn morgn", and with the Baku
Yiddish Studio Aksenfeld Studio's "Di genarte velt".
1925-28 -- artistic leader
and main regisseur of the "State Jewish Theatre in the
Ukraine" (Kharkov), which he founded. In the span of his
activity in the theatre, L. put on:
6 December 1925 --
"Purim-shpiel", a Yiddish mess (balagan) in
three acts, adaptation from the texts, montage,
intermedyes and director Efraim Loyter".
In the 1925-26 season --
"In bren, a revolutionary chronicle in four acts and
ten scenes by B. Meyerowitz (Daniel) and Efraim
Loyter. Director Efraim Loyter".
In the same season -- "Shabsi
tsvi, a tragedy by a deceived people (opgenart
folk) in four acts, scenic manager -- Efraim
Loyter [taken from Jerzy Zhulavsky's and Sholem
Asch's plays "Shabsi tsvi" and Jacob Wasserman's "Di
tsirendorfer yidn"], Director -- V. M. Smishlayev
and (farendikt) Efraim Loyter".
In the same season --
"Di tsvey kuni lemelekh (The Two Kuni Lemels), a
folks form in eight episode, lit-montage and
director -- Efraim Loyter [mounted by Goldfaden's "Di
tsvey kuni lemel" and "Kbtsnzon un hungerman" with a
new hero "Motl"].
In October 1926 --
staged "Koymenkerer" by N. Fidl and Y. Feffer [a new
variation of Jacob Gordin's "Chasia the Orphan"].
In the 1926-27 season --
staged "Zambuk" by Anat. Glyebov.
In the 1927-28 season --
staged Fininberg's "Yungen".
About the play, Y.
Lyubomirski writes: "The spectacle, "Beli tubus" has
received a negative evaluation (together with a
spectacle "Der koymenkerer"), and has much exacerbated
the question about the subsequent production of the
Kharkov State Jewish theatre. It removed from the
repertoire spectacle "Beli tubis" several days later .
This spectacle performed a decisive role regarding the
subsequent remaining of Ef. Loyter at the Kharkov State
At the second Yiddish
cultural conference in May 1928, L. received a negative
evaluation for his activity as an artistic director of
the theatre, and he had therefore resigned.
1928-29 -- staged in
Russia's "Moscow Theatre Improvisation", "Di velfishe
griber", according to the settings of Sergey Garodetsky
and -- in the order of "Sovkino" -- written (together
with A. Kreyn) a scenario of the mother of an
anti-Semite, under the name "Fargedenkt zeyere primer".
L. had to each time also write a Russian play, "A
komunars an eynikl", according to the story by A.
Drozdov, who has since then has performed in the youth
theatres of the Soviet Union.
In May 1929, with the
nontster collaboration of L., there was founded the
studio of the Moscow State Jewish Theatre, which was
reorganized as a state Jewish theatrical tekhnikum for
the Moscow Jewish State Theatre, with whom L. directed,
together with the fardinstfuln artist S. M.
In the technicum, L. led a
course of scenic arts and directed several works with
the students of the more advanced course.
1929-October 1931, L. also
directed with the Moscow Yiddish "Trom" (theatre of
young workers), where he staged a play in four acts, "Tsu
hunderter fabrikn" by Y. Ravin and Efraim Loyter, as
well as several small things.
L. also wrote the plays, "Stempenyu",
according to Sholem Aleichem (1919), "Menakhem Mendl
(1920)", and a series of dramatizations of I. L. Peretz
Z. Reyzen -- "Lexicon of
Yiddish Literature", Vol. II, pp. 93-94.
Y. Lyubomirsky -- "Melukhisher
yidisher teatr in ukraine", Kharkov, 1931.