Lives in the Yiddish
SHORT BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE INVOLVED IN
THE Yiddish THEATRE
aS DESCRIBED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"
L. was born circa 1875 in
Cherkassy, Kiev Gubernia, Ukraine. His father was a
melamed (religious teacher). Until the age of
seventeen he learned Talmud, then as an extern he
completed a gymnasium. From 1902 until 1905 he studied
He began his political
societal activities as a Zionist of the Ekhud-hems system, and L. was then one of the first activists of
the proletariat Zionists (Po‘ale Tsiyon). In 1903 he
belonged to the group of Zionist socialists who organized the conference of "Vozrozhdenye
later he became one of the major leaders of the S"S party (Zionist
socialists), from where there crystallized
the "Vozrozhdenye". During the World War he took an
active part in the hilfs-arbet, participating in
the hilfs-baratung in Peterburg
After the March Revolution
-- one of the founders and leaders of the party "Fareynikte".
In May 1919 he directed the division in his party and as
a leader of his ofgeshfaltenem wing, they cast it
together with the Communist Bund (Kombund) into one
organization (Komfarband, or the Jewish Communist
Union), and since then has continued
one of the important Jewish communist leaders in the
Soviet Union and editor of "Emes".
L. has always participated
as a contributor and often as an editor in the various
periodical publications that were issued through the
party to which he has belonged.
As to his literary debut in
Hebrew, L. later developed a broad, critical
literary activity in various Yiddish periodical
publications. Some of his works were also published in
L. is closely associated
with Yiddish theatre in the Soviet Union. In a series of
his critical assessments about the productions of the
Jewish State Theatre in Moscow, L. has issued in a
book: "Five Years of the Yiddish Chamber Theatre
(1924-1929)" (publisher "Shul un bukh", Moscow 1924),
[144 pp., 16°].
On 9 April 1922 L.'s
translation of Gutzkov's "Uriel Acosta" was staged.
Z. Reyzen -- "Lexicon
of the Yiddish Literature", Vol. II, pp. 135-141.
Dunyev -- A bukh vegn
idishn kamer-teater, "Frayhayt", N. Y., 26 December
N. Warshansky -- Di
fihrer fun der "Yevskektsye", "Haynt", Warsaw, 6 May
Jacob Mestel -- Fir
yidishe teater-bikher, "Archive", Vilna, 1938?, pp.
Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the "Lexicon
of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig,
Volume 2, page 1050.
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