23rd of September 1943, when
the ghetto was liquidated, and every Jew was driven to
the slaughter of Ponar or in the work camps.
Dora, with her husband, had
survived by keeping in touch with the talk among the
coalition. Two of them had wandered around together with
others in the filthy water that reached up to their
necks. Then they went out and found a hiding place,
until the Germans noticed that Jews dreyen zikh arum.
Then with her husband they tried to escape but were
captured in "blak keylis," where some Jewish
laborers still worked. Being unemployed, they were in
constant danger of being arrested, but with great
effort, they succeeded in blending in,
until 10 May 1944, [when] the Nazis came ostensibly to take men
to 'work,' but in actuality to bring them to Ponar Also
Dora's husband was taken there. When they took him out
zi tsugelofn aun gebetn, that they should
be permitted to allow themselves..[?] She went back into
the door entry. Sh. lifted both hands and shook one fist
into the other and shook them to her health: 'Keep it
In a note to us, his wife
"After waking up in the camp
('blak keylis') after several months, there entered one
morning a group of Germans with a machine gun, and they
were looking for ten men. No one wanted to come forward
voluntarily, they entered the shackle and whispered to
them, in the group of the ten men, Sadowski among them.
I saw through the window (I
could not see. We were guarded by the Germans), as they
were thrown into a machine. I watched, as Sadowski cast
himself out, trying to flee. They shot at him, wounding
him in the foot, and they returned him to be thrown into
the machine. This was the last time that I saw my love,
who was Max Sadowski.
The ten men were taken to
Ponar, where they sang to one another in chains and had
to bury the Jews who had been brought to Ponar... And
when the ten men had completed their work, they were all
I was made aware of the
details of Sadowski's death, when after the liberation,
I returned to Poland, where my brother-in-law,
Sadowski's brother, Doctor Sadowski (who had been saved
by Christians, and passed away in Lodz in 1948), who had
traveled back to Vilna to find out the details of
Sh. E. and M.E. from Dora Rubina.
Vos mit der aktrise
dora rubina hot pasirt, "Morgn frayhayt," N.Y., 24,
25 Oct. 1946.