Ghetto was the largest of the Jewish ghettos established by Nazi Germany.
Between 1941 and 1943, starvation, disease and deportations to
concentration camps and extermination camps dropped the population
of the ghetto from an estimated 450,000 to approximately 71,000.
In 1943 the
Warsaw Ghetto was the scene of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the first urban
mass rebellion against the Nazi occupation of Europe. The Uprising opposed
Nazi Germany's effort to transport the remaining ghetto population
to the Treblinka extermination camp. The insurgency was launched against
the Germans on January 19, 1943. The most significant portion of the
insurgency took place from April 19 until May 16, 1943, and ended when the
poorly-armed and supplied resistance was crushed by the German troops
under the direct command of Jürgen Stroop. It was the largest single
revolt by the Jews during the Holocaust...
--from Wikipedia. Photos courtesy of the New York Public Library
Humanities and Social Sciences Library / Slavic and Baltic Division