Probably nowhere was the
observance of the special day of mourning yesterday by the Jews for
their Russian brethren more noteworthy than the procession of their
kinsmen on the East Side. Services were held in all Jewish houses of
sounds of muffled drums and funeral marches played softly by
numerous bands, 125,000 Russian Jews paraded through the streets of
the lower East Side and along Broadway. The parade was followed by a
mass meeting at Union Square.
The demonstration, which was under the
direction of the Jewish Defense Association, was the greatest of its
character ever given in this city.
Though the dead for whom they mourned
were lying miles away, the procession took on every form of a
funeral cortege; the tears, the lamentations, the hysteria of a
funeral cortege were all in evidence. Every tenement and every store
in the Ghetto was draped in black, and on many of them appeared
inscriptions, such as "We mourn our loss" and "Reverence for our
murdered brethren." Every shop was closed from noon until 6 o'clock
in the evening.
There were in line nearly one hundred organizations, labor,
charitable, socialistic and Zionist, some of them wore uniforms.
Along the route of march were packed at least as many as
participated in the parade. Every foot of sidewalk space was
occupied, and every window and fire escape was filled. On all sides
were weeping women and children, and not a few men were there who
shed tears, some of them for their own relatives.
There was nowhere any attempt at
interference with the mourners, and even the 1,000 policemen, afoot
and mounted, who were assigned to the procession, inured as they are
to pathetic scenes, were apparently moved by the solemnity of the
once was there anything like disorder, and that of momentary
duration. When the parade reached Union Square crowds on the
sidewalks, in trying to gain a point of vantage, burst through the
line, and for a time broke up the alignment of the first division.
Order was promptly restored by the mounted policemen.
There were eight divisions in line. The
first division formed in Rutgers Square and the others in the
several streets leading to it. The start was made at 12:30 o'clock.
At the head of the procession, following a squad of mounted police,
marched the Jewish Theatrical Musical Union, playing Chopin's
Funeral March, then came the Choristers' Union, the Boy Synagogue
Union and the Downtown Cantors' Association. They sang "For them we
also in line a company of Zion Guards, in blue uniform, almost like
that of the National Guard, and carrying rifles reversed. Every
parader wore on his sleeve a band of mourning, and all the flags
were likewise draped with crepe. While the number of American flags
borne in a line predominated, there were many black banners, on
which appeared the white six-pointed star of Israel. There were also
about five thousand Jewish ex-soldiers of the Russian army and the
More than six thousand Williamsburg Hebrews, after holding prayers
in front of half a dozen synagogues, marched across the Williamsburg
Bridge and joined in the parade of their brethren of the East Side.
When the procession reached the Williamsburg Bridge Police Captain
Hayes refused to let it pass over the north roadway, but made the
marchers go over the structure by way of the footpath, which is in
the centre of the structure. It was feared that the presence of so
many persons on one side of the bridge might strain it.
The parade made three stops, at the
Synagogue Beth Hamedresh Hagodel, in Norfolk-st., over which
congregation the late Chief Rabbi Josephs presided; at the First
Rumanian-American congregation's synagogue, in Rivington-st., and at
the Synagogue of the Congregation Adath Jesch, in Eldridge-st. At
each of these places the mourners stopped, while the women and boys
of the Choristers' Union sang the "Kaddash" for their
co-religionists in Russia. Traffic on Broadway suffered considerable
delay when the procession reached that thoroughfare.
It was a tremendous throng that listened
to the speeches in Union Square, in which the Russian government was
scored for its indifference to the massacre of the Jews. Resolutions
were adopted condemning the massacres and calling upon this and
other governments to protest against them.
Jewish Committee Will
Continue Work for Russian Brothers.
It was decided yesterday at a meeting
held at Temple Emanu-El, by the national committee for the relief of
the Jews in Russia, to raise at least $1,000,000 more for relief. A
motion to this end was made by Herman Rosenthal and passed with
opening speech Oscar S. Straus, chairman of the executive committee,
expressed the fear that the outrages on the Jews in Russia were not
yet at an end, as disquieting reports indicated, Mr. Straus said:
I had hoped that this meeting would be
our last, but I fear it will not be. Although over $1,000,000 has
been collected for our co-religionists, no offering that could be
made is sufficient, or can be sufficient.
Jacob H. Schiff, treasurer of the
committee, reported that he had forwarded £200,000 by cable
to Lord Rothschild, in London. Since the reported completion of the
first $1,000,000, the committee has received $35,000. Mr. Schiff
will be able to send an additional
It was learned yesterday that E. H.
Harriman was the anonymous contributor of $10,000 last Saturday. His
name appeared on the daily list as "Donor."
Secretary Sulzberger, in his report of
the collection of $1,000,000, said of that amount $430,833.86 was
the New-York contributions, representing about 55,000 contributors.
Of this, $66,000 came from non-Jewish sources. In fact, about 20 per
cent of the grand total was given by Christians.
Chicago was second on the list, with
$84,608; Philadelphia third, with contributions amounting to
$60,608, and Boston, fourth, with $20,025.
The total of additional contributions
yesterday was $7,955.02. Cornelius N. Bliss sent his check for $250.
GIVE JEWELS TO AID
services of mourning were held last night in several places of
worship. In the Norfolk-st. synagogue, the Rev. Drs. Mendes, Klein
and Nasliansky delivered addresses. Other services held were in
Temple Emanu-El, where the Rev. Drs. Silverman, De Sola Mendes,
Harris, Grossman and Moses spoke, also Oscar Straus, ex-Minister to
Turkey, and Louis Marshal; in the East 85th-st. synagogue, where the
Rev. Drs. Asher, Drauchman and Caplan spoke, and in the 114th St.
synagogue, where the Rev. Drs. Morais and Greenfield spoke.
Meetings were also held at several halls
and theatres. A collection was taken at each meeting. At the Kalich
Theatre an old woman presented a purse containing 15 cents, which,
she said, was all the money she had. The audience was affected by
the incident, and the purse and contents were auctioned off for $15.
Many diamond rings and other valuables were literally thrown on the
stage in the meeting. All the synagogues and theatres were crowded.